Drug addiction is a complex illness characterized by intense and at times, uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use, even when the consequences can be devastating.
Drug abuse and addiction have so many dimensions and disrupt so many aspects of an individual’s life, so there is hardly a single treatment. Because addiction is typically a chronic disease, people cannot simply stop using drugs for a few days and be cured. Most patients require long term or repeated episodes of care to achieve the ultimate goal of sustained abstinence and recovery of their lives.
Effective treatment programs typically incorporate many components, each directed to a particular aspect of the illness and its consequences. Addiction treatment must help the individual maintain a drug-free lifestyle, and achieve productive functioning in the family, at work, and in society.
Points To Note
• Addiction though complex, is a treatable disease
• No single treatment is appropriate for everyone
• Effective treatment should address the multiple needs of the individual not just the drug abuse
• Many drug-addicted individuals also have other mental disorders.
Medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of addiction treatment and by itself does little to change long-term drug abuse. Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective. Drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously, as lapses during treatment do occur.
Counseling is important to help patients modify or change behaviors that place them at risk of a relapse or contracting and spreading infectious diseases. But the exciting reality of the mind is that its contents and process can be managed. This means that the mind can be re-organized and re-programmed. The best and most excellent things of the human spirit are expressed through the mind.
Dr. Joti Samra at el, 2007, Coping With Suicidal Thoughts, PDF Version.
Chris Oyakhilome, D.SC, D.D, A 2016, The Power of Your Mind, Print version.